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International Conference on Pollution Control & Sustainable Environment, will be organized around the theme “Promoting Global Health through Pollution Control and Sustainable Environment”
Pollution Control 2016 is comprised of 19 tracks and 106 sessions designed to offer comprehensive sessions that address current issues in Pollution Control 2016.
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks. All related abstracts are accepted.
Register now for the conference by choosing an appropriate package suitable to you.
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the environment that causes harmful and toxic effects to living things. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollution is often classified as point source or non-point source pollution. Noise pollution, soil pollution and light pollution too are the damaging the environment at an alarming rate. Noise pollution include aircraft noise, noise of cars, buses, and trucks, vehicle horns, loudspeakers, and industry noise, as well as high-intensity sonar effects which are extremely harmful for the environment. Soil pollution, which can also be called soil contamination, is a result of acid rain, polluted water, fertilizers etc., which leads to bad crops. Soil contamination occurs when chemicals are released by spill or underground storage tank leakage which releases heavy contaminants into the soil. These may include hydrocarbons, heavy metals, MTBE, herbicides, pesticides and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Light Pollution includes light trespass, over-illumination and astronomical interference.
- Track 1-1Sound Pollution
- Track 1-2Radioactive Pollution
- Track 1-3River Pollution
- Track 1-4Coal Pollution
- Track 1-5Groundwater Pollution
- Track 1-6Sea Pollution
- Track 1-7Chemical Pollution
- Track 1-8Agricultural Pollution
One of the greatest problems that the world is facing today is that of environmental pollution, increasing with every passing year and causing grave and irreparable damage to the earth. Environmental pollution consists of five basic types of pollution, namely, air, water, soil, noise and light. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), released from refrigerators, air-conditioners, deodorants and insect repellents cause severe damage to the Earth’s environment. This gas has slowly damaged the atmosphere and depleted the ozone layer leading to global warming.
- Track 2-1Environmental Management
- Track 2-2Environmental Degradation
- Track 2-3Environmental Regulations
- Track 2-4Environmental Crisis
- Track 2-5Environmental Pollutants
The presence of gases, dust particulates, fumes or odour in large amounts which leads to harmful damage to the living beings and environment is called as air pollution. The air pollutants from automobile emissions, chemical odours and factory smoke are the sources.
The emission of particulate matter which is microscopic solid or liquid in air is particulate emission. Particulate emissions are visible in the form of soot or smoke. There are some effective methods which are used to control the air pollution. These are used to filter and purify the air which is polluted.
Diffusion of the contaminants in the atmosphere is another approach to the control of air pollution. Dilution of pollutants in air depends on atmosphere temperature, speed and direction of the wind.
Vegetation is another way to control air pollution by utilizing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen in the form of photosynthesis. This purifies the air. Selection of separate areas for industries which would be far from the residential areas is referred as zoning.
Industries emitting significant levels of air pollutants are regulated by means of environmental approvals or injunctions. This includes permits and inspection, statutory orders, general guidelines etc.
- Track 3-1Air pollution emissions from various sources
- Track 3-2Air Quality Monitoring
- Track 3-3Regulations governing air pollution
- Track 3-4Zoning
- Track 3-5Vegetation
- Track 3-6Diffusion of pollutant in air
- Track 3-7Pollution control equipment
- Track 3-8Source correction methods
- Track 3-9Particulate emissions
- Track 3-10Gaseous emissions
- Track 3-11Air Quality Engineering
Water pollution is caused due to discharge of waste water from industrial and commercial waste into surface waters; untreated discharge of domestic sewage, chemicals into flowing surface waters and disposal of waste and leaching into ground water; eutrophication. The various methods of contamination of wastewater require a variety of strategies to remove the contamination. The various treatments are brine treatment, brine management, solids removal, oil and grease removal, hydro cyclone oil separators, removal of biodegradable organics etc.
The technologies can be designed to provide low cost sanitation and environmental protection while providing additional benefits from the reuse of water. The process of removing undesirable chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from contaminated water is called as water purification. Various techniques are available to remove micro-organisms through water purification.
The various laboratory test methodologies are wastewater quality indicators. They are used to assess suitability of wastewater for disposal or re-use. Tests measure physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the waste water.
- Track 4-1Sources of waste water
- Track 4-2Treatment of waste water
- Track 4-3Waste water treatment technologies
- Track 4-4Water purification
- Track 4-5Quality indicators
- Track 4-6Regulations governing water pollution
- Track 4-7Causes of Water Pollution
Solid waste is defined as waste that is generated by businesses from an industrial or manufacturing process or waste generated from non-manufacturing activities that are managed as a separate waste stream. Toxic waste, chemical waste, industrial solid waste and municipal solid waste are designations of solid waste.
The wastes may be found in different physical states such as gaseous, liquids, or solids. A hazardous waste is a special type of waste because it cannot be disposed of by common means like other by-products of our everyday lives.
Depending on the physical state of the waste, treatment and solidification processes might be required. They can be the by-products of manufacturing processes. There are various techniques to control the hazardous waste. It can be treated by chemical, thermal, biological, and physical methods. Some hazardous wastes were disposed of in regular landfills. This resulted in unfavourable amounts of hazardous materials seeping into the ground. These chemicals eventually entered natural hydrologic systems. Many landfills now require countermeasures against groundwater contamination.
- Track 5-1Classification, generation rate and composition of solid wastes
- Track 5-2Functional elements of solid waste management Program
- Track 5-3Hazardous solid wastes management
- Track 5-4Techniques to reduce hazardous waste quantities
- Track 5-5Regulations governing solid and hazardous wastes
Marine pollution occurs when harmful, or potentially harmful, effects result from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive organisms. Most sources of marine pollution are land based.
Pollutants enter rivers and the sea directly from urban sewerage and industrial waste discharges, sometimes in the form of hazardous and toxic wastes.
Inland mining for copper, gold etc. is another source of marine pollution. Most of the pollution is simply soil, which ends up in rivers flowing to the sea. However, some minerals discharged in the course of the mining can cause problems, such as copper, a common industrial pollutant, which can interfere with the life history and development of coral polyps. Polluted runoff from roads and highways can be a significant source of water pollution in coastal areas.
- Track 6-1Sewage
- Track 6-2Toxic Chemicals From Industries
- Track 6-3Hazardous solid wastes managament
- Track 6-4Land Runoff
- Track 6-5Large Scale Oil Spills
- Track 6-6Ocean Mining
- Track 6-7Littering
- Track 6-8Effect of Toxic Wastes on Marine Animals
There are many causes of industrial pollution, the negative by-products of human industry. One of the main sources is the pollution caused by energy production. By-products produced through industry are another major component of this type of pollution. Besides pollution unique to specific sources, the release of carbon dioxide gas from various industrial sources is a key cause of global warming. The first main source of industrial pollution is the production of electricity. In coal-burning power plants, fly ash is the by-product of burned coal. Once incinerated directly into the atmosphere, most fly ash in the 21st century is either recycled or stored in vast holding ponds.
Outside of energy production, all factories produce some form of pollution. Some of the most harmful to humans and the environment are heavy metals produced as a result of metal refining. Copper, mercury and lead can accumulate in animals throughout the food chain. One of the most harmful forms of industrial pollution is carbon dioxide gas released through the burning of coal and oil. Its increasing presence in Earth's atmosphere is a direct cause of global warming. Despite efforts of developed nations to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, the lax industrial regulations of developing countries have led to a continued increase in emissions.
- Track 7-1Coal-fired power plants
- Track 7-2Petrochemical plants
- Track 7-3Nuclear waste
- Track 7-4Industrial solid & hazardous waste
- Track 7-5Particulate matter in gaseous emissions
- Track 7-6Gaseous pollutants
- Track 7-7Pollution control through efficient combustion technology
- Track 7-8Pollution control in industrial processes
- Track 7-9Pollution control in transportation
The control of the emission of various contaminants into the environment which brings down the level of the pollution is done by various updated methods. The various technologies which control the pollution are laser methods, chemical methods, nanotechnology etc.
The Pollution control equipment can reduce emissions by cleaning exhaust and dirty air. The various control equipment are bag houses or fabric filters, absorbers, electrostatic precipitators, catalytic oxidizers etc.
There are various technologies used in industrial processes and transportation to control pollution. The technologies for particulate emission control are gravity settling chambers, centrifugal separators, particulate wet scrubbers etc. The use of sensors in the control of pollution has become a wide range application. Sensors detect the pollution in the respective area where it is placed and controls over there.
- Track 8-1Wireless sensors
- Track 8-2Nanotechnology
- Track 8-3Laser methods
- Track 8-4Spectroscopic monitoring techniques
- Track 8-5Chemical methods
Innovative approaches to storm water management are required if our cities and towns are to be ecologically sustainable.
When designing a pollution prevention program it is important to preserve existing valuable elements of the natural drainage system. It is also better to manage the quality and quantity of storm water at the source. Preventing pollution at source can be achieved through on-site source control and community education programs. The installation of storm water treatment devices such as Gross Pollution Traps (GPT) and Constructed Wetlands
The best way of protecting local waterways from storm water pollution is to prevent pollution at source. Careful planning will enable pollution to be prevented. Community education is one of the key strategies for preventing pollution at source and involving the people of NSW in actions to protect the environment.
- Track 9-1Air Pollution Solution
- Track 9-2Water Pollution Solution
- Track 9-3Environmental Pollution Solution
The effects of Air pollution are alarming. They are known to create several respiratory and heart conditions along with Cancer, among other threats to the body. Several millions are known to have died due to direct or indirect effects of Air pollution. Children in areas exposed to air pollutants are said to commonly suffer from pneumonia and asthma. Another direct effect is the immediate alterations that the world is witnessing due to Global warming. With increased temperatures worldwide, increase in sea levels and melting of ice from colder regions and icebergs, displacement and loss of habitat have already signalled an impending disaster if actions for preservation and normalization aren’t undertaken soon. Harmful gases like nitrogen oxides and sulphur oxides are released into the atmosphere during the burning of fossil fuels. When it rains, the water droplets combines with these air pollutants, becomes acidic and then falls on the ground in the form of acid rain. Acid rain can cause great damage to human, animals and crops.
- Track 10-1 Effects of Air Pollution
- Track 10-2 Effects of Water Pollution
- Track 10-3 Effects of Light Pollution
- Track 10-4Effects of Marine Pollution
- Track 10-5Effects of Noise Pollution
Pollution control is the process of reducing or eliminating the release of pollutants (contaminants, usually human-made) into the environment. It is regulated by various environmental agencies that establish limits for the discharge of pollutants into the air, water, and land. A wide variety of devices and systems have been developed to control air and water pollution and solid wastes.
Methods of air pollution control can be divided into two categories: the control of particulate (pronounced par-TIK-you-let) emissions and the control of gaseous emissions. The term particulate refers to tiny particles of matter such as smoke, soot, and dust that are released during industrial, agricultural, or other activities. Gaseous emissions are industrial products such as sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen also released during various manufacturing operations. Methods for particulate control tend to operate on a common principle. The solid particles are separated from the gases in which they are contained by physical procedures such as passage through a settling chamber. A settling chamber is a long, wide pipe through which gases from a manufacturing process are allowed to flow. As these gases slowdown in the pipe, the solid particles settle out. They can then be removed from the bottom of the pipe.
- Track 11-1 Air Pollution Control
- Track 11-2Water Pollution Control
- Track 11-3Sound Pollution Control
Human applications on various fields may affect the environment which leads to pollution. An increase in population makes excessive demands on natural resources, and increases the demand on agriculture.
Using chemical fertilizers, insecticides and herbicides to increase production pollutes the environment with harmful chemicals. Deforestation causes habitat loss and threatens the survival of species of animals and plants.
Environmental impacts caused by the application of technology are often perceived as unavoidable for several reasons. Nanotechnology's environmental impact can be split into two aspects: the potential for Nano technological innovations to help improve the environment, and the possibly novel type of pollution that Nano technological materials might cause if released into the environment. As nanotechnology is an emerging field, there is great debate regarding to what extent industrial and commercial use of nanomaterial will affect organisms and ecosystems.
- Track 12-1Technology
- Track 12-2Agriculture
- Track 12-3Energy industry
- Track 12-4Manufactured products
- Track 12-5Mining
- Track 12-6Transport
- Track 12-7Armed conflicts/military action
- Track 12-8Petroleum refineries
An environmental risk assessment (ERA) is a process of predicting whether there may be a risk of adverse effects on the environment caused by a chemical substance. Environmental exposure concentrations of a chemical are predicted and compared to predicted no-effect concentrations for different environmental compartments. Environmental risk assessment is based on comparison of indicators of environmental values over time.
Current conditions are compared against historic “natural” range of variation and predicted future ranges based on differing management scenarios. Assessment of environmental conditions and indicators is summarized in terms of a “risk index.” The assessment and reporting of risk to environmental values can then be used to identify risk reduction strategies. Subsequent revisions to management plans and actions will then hopefully be undertaken to reduce risk.
- Track 13-1Pollution sources,exposure routs, receptors
- Track 13-2Data obtained by measurements
- Track 13-3Official data on health effects
- Track 13-4Theory and calculations
- Track 13-5Potential effects of pollutants on human population
- Track 13-6The risk hierarchy
The increase of Earth's average surface temperature due to effect of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels or from deforestation, which trap heat that would otherwise escape from Earth. This is a type of greenhouse effect. The most significant greenhouse gas is actually water vapour, not something produced directly by humankind in significant amounts. However, even slight increases in atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) can cause a substantial increase in temperature.
Earth’s natural greenhouse effect is critical to supporting life. Human activities, primarily the burning of fossil fuels and clearing of forests, have intensified the natural greenhouse effect, causing global warming.
- Track 14-1Ozone layer
- Track 14-2Greenhouse gasses
- Track 14-3Chlorofluorocarbons
- Track 14-4Deforestation
- Track 14-5Pollution and Global Warming
Sustainability is everything that we need for our survival and well-being against the industrial pollution. Sustainability creates and maintains the conditions under which humans and nature can exists in productive harmony that fulfils the social, economic and other requirements of present and future generations.
At the global scale and in the broadest sense environmental management involves the oceans, freshwater systems, land and atmosphere, but following the sustainability principle of scale it can be equally applied to any ecosystem from a tropical rainforest to a home garden. Sustainability interfaces with economics through the social and ecological consequences of economic activity.
- Track 15-1Global sustainable development goals
- Track 15-2Environmental dimensional
- Track 15-3Economic dimension
- Track 15-4Social dimension
- Track 15-5Avoidance and reduction methods
The waste management hierarchy indicates an order of preference for action to reduce and manage waste. The aim of the waste hierarchy is to extract the maximum practical benefits from products and to generate the minimum amount of waste. The proper application of the waste hierarchy can have several benefits. It can help prevent emissions of greenhouse gases, reduces pollutants, save energy, conserves resources, create jobs and stimulate the development of green technologies.
Source reduction involves efforts to reduce hazardous waste and other materials by modifying industrial production. Source reduction methods involve changes in manufacturing technology, raw material inputs, and product formulation. Source reduction is typically measured by efficiencies and cutbacks in waste. Toxics use reduction is a more controversial approach to source reduction that targets and measures reductions in the upstream use of toxic materials. Toxics use reduction emphasizes the more preventive aspects of source reduction but, due to its emphasis on toxic chemical inputs, has been opposed more vigorously by chemical manufacturers.
- Track 16-13r concept waste management
- Track 16-2Afforestation
- Track 16-3Biological reprocessing
- Track 16-4Resource recovery
- Track 16-5Avoidance and reduction methods
Sustainable development requires the implementation of environmentally friendly technologies which are both efficient and adapted to local conditions. Eco technology allows improvement in economic performance while minimizing harm to the environment.
Green computing aims to attain economic viability and improve the way computing devices are used. Green IT practices include the development of environmentally sustainable production practices, energy efficient computers and improved disposal and recycling procedures. Energy use would decline by over 143 billion kilowatt hours per year.CO2 emissions would decrease by 114 million metric tons. That’s like planting 550 million trees! E-waste would be reduced by 7.9 million metric tons.
However well-intentioned, is only part of an overall green computing philosophy. The work habits of computer users and businesses can be modified to minimize adverse impact on the global environment. Recycling computing equipment can keep harmful materials such as lead, mercury, and hexavalent chromium out of landfills, and can also replace equipment that otherwise would need to be manufactured, saving further energy and emissions. Computer systems that have outlived their particular function can be re-purposed.
- Track 17-1Cloud Computing
- Track 17-2Recycling
- Track 17-3Algorithmic Efficiency
- Track 17-4Architectural Changes
- Track 17-5Techno trash
The global market for air pollution control equipment reached nearly $56.6 billion and $61 billion in 2013 and 2014, respectively. This market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.2% to $78.4 billion for the period 2014-2019.
Air pollution control equipment is used to controls, capture, and remove harmful gases from the air stream emitted by industries. Electrostatic precipitators are used for the removal of particulate and acid mist from industrial exhaust gas streams. Fabric filters remove dust particulates from air or gases. NOx control is used to reduce NOx emissions from industries. Scrubbers comprise different air pollution control equipment, which is used to remove pollutant gases from industries. An adsorber is used as an absorber material, which is used to remove harmful gases. An increase in air pollution has led to the demand for air pollution control equipment globally.
- Track 18-1Air Quality Control Equipment
- Track 18-2Global Vendors' Analysis
- Track 18-3Electrostatic Precipitators
Pollution Control 2016 facilitates a unique platform for transforming potential ideas into great business. The present meeting/conference creates a global platform to connect global Entrepreneurs, Proposers and the Investors in the field of Environmental and its allied sciences. This investment meet facilitates the most optimized and viable business for engaging people in to constructive discussions, evaluation and execution of promising business.